Scholarships in Canada

Fully-funded Scholarships in Canada 2024 Without IELTS Requirement

Study for free in Canada Without IELTS Now

The Government of Canada in cooperation with Canadian Universities has announced thousands of fully funded Scholarships in Canada without IELTS requirements for the new batch of 2024-2025 batch; for all international students in various disciplines.

So are you an international student interested in studying in Canada on a scholarship without appearing in an IELTS exam? Do you need to find the right scholarship with an IELTS exemption to study for free in Canada?

If you plug in “Canadian scholarships for international students” into Google or any other search engine, thousands of pages will pop up. But most of them just vaguely talk about the opportunities present there and do not really delve into the nitty-gritty of how to find verified scholarships and how to apply for these fellowships, what the eligibility criteria are, and what the timelines for various scholarships look like.

Well, worry no more! We have put together a list of fully funded Canadian scholarships without the IELTS requirement for international students in Canada, which you can apply for if you are eligible for them. In this article, we talk about all the details that you should know when making up your mind.

However, we have decided to provide this list of all Canadian Scholarships without IELTS to all students now. Because we firmly believe that everyone should have the opportunity to go abroad and study, and the cost of foreign universities should not be the limiting factor for you.

How to Study in Canada Without IELTS? Learn Here!

Keep in mind that you don’t need to worry about taking an IELTS exam for Canadian Scholarship or Admission applications; if you already have any other IELTS alternative qualification available to prove your English language proficiency. Canadian Universities do not require IELTS if applicants already have passed PTE, DET, TOEFL, or any other English language exam and have their certificate with them.

So, the following Canadian scholarships can be considered as IELTS exempted Canadian Scholarships for international students if they have good English language proficiency.

What do Canadian Fully-funded Scholarships Cover?

Expect the following set of Canadian fully funded Scholarship Grant entitlement and benefits if you got lucky in winning a fully funded Canadian Scholarship this year;

  • An opportunity to study for free in Canada
  • Funding to cover your monthly expense in Canada
  • Funding for experimental work in a Canadian lab
  • Canadian Government-Sponsored Medical Insurance
  • Funding to cover your travel expense to and from Canada
  • Accommodation place at Canadian University Hostel

Another plus point about studying in Canada is the IELTS exemption. Yes, you heard it right. Dozens of renowned Canadian Universities have bypassed the necessary obligations of the IELTS test. So, for all the passionate students who remain one step behind from getting scholarships due to IELTS test scores, it is time to up your head and starts applying for scholarships in any of such universities.

Reasons to Choose Canada for Higher Education:

Undoubtedly, this place has some spark that automatically attracts people. But its outclass universities, funded scholarships, and multiple degree programs make it educational heaven. Here are a few reasonable answers that will be enough to convince someone to pick Canada for high education degree programs and scholarships.

  • Safe, Friendly, and Multicultural Environment.
  • Prestigious Globally-Recognized Universities.
  • The diverse range of Academic fields and Degree programs.
  • Partially/Fully Funded Scholarships offered by the Canadian Government and Universities.
  • IELTS Exemption, Tuition Grants, & Financial Aid.
  • Accommodation, Monthly allowances, Living costs, etc.
  • Considerable Job Opportunities.
  • Increase chances of Networking.
  • Budget-Friendly environment.
  • Mesmerizing Picturesque and historical sites.
  • Canadian Work Immigration chances.
  • Golden chance to study and earn concurrently.

Can We Apply for Admissions to Canadian Universities Without IELTS?

IELTS exams often trouble a few candidates, specifically those who could not pass their IELTS examination or did not score as per the requirements. But it is time to say bye-bye to all such unneeded worries.

The universities of Canada and Canadian Government scholarships have removed the IELTS requirements for admissions by allowing candidates to submit IELTS alternative certificates. Such Canadian universities have many alternate options to check the English language proficiency of candidates, like English certificates from the previous university, PTE, DET, or TOEFL, etc.

Still, Wondering How to Study Without IELTS in Canada?

When we say, if there is a will, there is a way too, we mean it. If a student cannot submit IELTS test scores, multiple other alternatives will fulfill language proficiency requirements. For instance;

  • Submission of English Language Proficiency Certificate from the previous institution.
  • If a candidate has completed four years of previous education from an English medium Institute.
  • If a candidate belongs to an English-speaking country, IELTS is not mandatory to submit.
  • Submit the test scores of alternate Language tests such as PTE, TOEFL, DET, etc.
  • Enrolled in an English language course offered by a Canadian university.

IELTS Alternative Certificates Accepted by Canadian Universities:

Following are the language tests that are acceptable and sufficient enough instead of IELTS for admission in Canada. One can submit any of these test scores to fulfill the language and entry requirements.

  1. CanTest (Canadian Test of English for scholars and Trainees)
  2. TOEFL (Test of English as Foreign Language)
  3. DET (Duolingo English Test)
  4. CAEL (Canadian Assessment English language)
  5. PTE (Pearson English Language Test)
  6. CAE / CPE (Cambridge Test)
  7. CELPIP (Canadian English Language Proficiency Index Program)
  8. AEPUCE (Academic English Program for University and College Entry)

Canadian Fully Funded Scholarships Without IELTS for 2024:

Here is the list of all the Canadian universities offering fully funded scholarships in Canada without IELTS need. Choose the university and scholarships according to your degree program. Also, check the eligibility requirements to abide by all the required conditions.

  1. Concordia University Scholarships
  2. University of Winnipeg Scholarships
  3. Brandon University Scholarships
  4. University of Saskatchewan Scholarships
  5. University of Victoria Scholarships
  6. Carleton University Scholarships
  7. Memorial University of Newfoundland Scholarships
  8. University of Guelph Scholarships
  9. University of Windsor Scholarships
  10. Brock University Scholarships
  11. McGill University Scholarships
  12. Royal Roads University Scholarships
  13. Algoma University Scholarships
  14. Okanagan College Scholarships
  15. York University Scholarships
  16. Cambrian College Scholarships
  17. Seneca College Scholarships
  18. University of Regina Scholarships
  19. University of Toronto Scholarships
  20. Queen’s University Scholarships
  21. Saint Mary’s University Scholarships
  22. Mount Royal University Scholarships
  23. Simon Fraser University Scholarships
  24. Dalhousie University Scholarships
  25. University of Manitoba Scholarships
  26. Wilfrid Laurier University Scholarships
  27. Université du Québec Scholarships
  28. Ontario Tech University Scholarships
  29. Thompson Rivers University Scholarships
  30. Northern Alberta Institute of Technology Scholarships

In this article, we will discuss all the scholarships offered by this university. So, keep reading to uncover more details.

1# Concordia University Scholarships:

That amazing university in Quebec has many Undergraduate, Graduate, and Doctorate programs to offer with generous scholarships and benefits. Moreover, candidates can also get small funds for education.

Scholarships for Undergraduate students include; Entrance Scholarships, In-Course Scholarships, Concordia Presidential Scholarships, Concordia International Scholars Awards, etc. However, for a Master’s & Doctoral degree, there are; Concordia Merit Scholarships, Concordia University Doctoral Graduate Fellowships, FRQSC Doctoral Research Scholarships, etc.

Winners will enjoy a reduction in tuition fees up to the maximum percentage, plus meals, books, and transportation costs will also cover.

Acceptable Language Tests, Except for IELTS: TOEFL & Duolingo tests.

Acceptance Rate: 70.8%
Admission Application Fee: CAD $100 (non-refundable)

2# University of Winnipeg Scholarships:

Students studying in any Undergrad, Grad, Postgrad, Language programs, and International studies are capable of winning scholarships offered by the university of Winnipeg.

Some of the must-apply Winnipeg University scholarships of this university are; President’s Scholarship, AP & IB Entrance Scholarships, & International Special Entrance Scholarships.

Acceptable Language Tests, Except for IELTS: CanTest, TOEFL, DET, CAE, CPE, CAEL, CAEL-CE, & PTE.

Acceptance Rate: 75%
Admission Application Fee: Zero Charges

3# Brandon University Scholarships:

All the Future, Current, Graduate, Undergraduate, and Sports Athletes enrolled here can win numerous scholarships. Some popular scholarships preferred by the Brandon University of Canada for Graduate students are; Recommended & Automatic-Consideration Graduate Scholarships.

Other scholarships include; Continuing Scholarships, Deans’ Awards for Undergraduate Research Excellence, Board of Governors Entrance Scholarships, AP Scholarships, IB Scholarships, etc.

Always choose the scholarship relevant to the selected degree. To win these scholarships, candidates must fulfill the eligibility requirements and have high academic performance.

Acceptable Language Tests, Except for IELTS: CAEL CE, CAEL, C1 Advanced or C2 Proficiency, CanTest, EAP, PTEA, & TOEFL.

Acceptance Rate: 47.5%
Admission Application Fee: CAD $70.00 (Minnesota &locals), $140.00 CAD (overseas)

4# University of Saskatchewan Scholarships:

That university has many Undergrad and Grad awards for continuing and entrance students. Additionally, students will also get External scholarships and awards.

The top Canadian scholarships offered by the university of Saskatchewan are; Guaranteed Entrance Scholarships, Chancellors’ Scholarships, J.M. Sharpe Memorial Scholarship, Edwards Undergraduate Scholarships, etc.

Acceptable Language Tests, Except for IELTS: MELAB, CAEL, TOEFL iBT, CanTest, CAE, Duolingo, PTE Academic.

Acceptance Rate: 45%
Admission Application Fee: CAD $90

5# University of Victoria Scholarships:

Are you enrolled in its Undergrad and Grad studies or Law school? If yes, there is good news for you. It has many scholarships like; Entrance Scholarships, In-course scholarships, etc. Meanwhile, the eligibility standard is a bit different.

Acceptable Language Tests, Except for IELTS: MELAB & TOEFL.

Acceptance Rate: 63%
Admission Application Fee: CAD $50

6# Carleton University Scholarships:

Students enrolled at Carleton will get a chance to apply for a few Canadian generous scholarships while studying any Undergrad and Grad studies. The Entrance Scholarships of Carleton university include; Prestige Scholarships, Carleton Capital Scholarship, David Muir Entrance Scholarship, etc. Meanwhile, current students will get Department Scholarships and External awards, etc.

Acceptable Language Tests, Except for IELTS: TOEFL iBT, PTE, CAEL, ESL, CAEL-CE

Acceptance Rate: 21%
Admission Application Fee: $110.00

6# Memorial University of Newfoundland Scholarships:

The Memorial University of Newfoundland offers a wide number of Entrance Scholarships, Undergraduate Scholarships, Fellowships, Application-based scholarships, and External awards.

Students can win any of the above Canadian scholarships. Some of the prominent scholarships of this university are; Dr. Evan Simpson Indigenous Undergraduate Entrance Scholarship, General Motors Undergraduate Scholarship, Faculty of Business Administration MBA Entrance Scholarships, etc.

Acceptable Language Tests, Except for IELTS: CAEL, TOEFL, Duolingo, C1 Advanced or C2 Proficiency, CanTest, & MET.

Acceptance Rate: Competitive
Admission Application Fee: $60 (locals), and $120 (international applicants)

7# University of Guelph Scholarships:

Students will receive Guelph University scholarships and grants based on their academic performance and GPA. Also, Graduate and Undergraduate students can avail themselves of various Entrance, Need-based, and In-course scholarships. For instance, the President’s Scholarship, Lincoln Alexander Chancellor’s Scholarship, Academic Leadership Entrance Scholarship, and Board of Governors’ Scholarship.

Acceptable Language Tests, Except for IELTS: ELCP, CAEL, C1 Advanced or C2 Proficiency, DET, PTE, & TOEFL.

Acceptance Rate: 66%
Admission Application Fee: CAD $40

8# Brock University Scholarships:

Brock University has Undergrad, Postgrad, Doctoral, And Research programs. However, students can enroll in any program of their choice and get these scholarships. For example, prestigious awards include; Brock Leaders Citizenship Society Award, Goodman Scholarships, Chancellor’s First Nations Award, & Caribbean International Scholarship, etc.

Acceptable Language Tests, Except for IELTS: TOEFL, CAEL, CAEL CE, PTE, & CanTest.

Acceptance Rate: 73% (a/c to academic statistics)
Admission Application Fee: $100

9# University of Windsor Scholarships:

Windsor University serves various Undergraduate, Graduate, And International programs. Moreover, scholarships will be given with different rewards and tuition grants.

Famous scholarships of Windsor university are; Automatic open Entrance Scholarships, Program-Specific Entrance Scholarships, Athletic Scholarships, Skills Competition Scholarships, etc.

Acceptable Language Tests, Except for IELTS: TOEFL, SAT, DET, PTE, ACT.

Acceptance Rate: 64%
Admission Application Fee: CAD $75 & $125 (non-refundable)

10# McGill University Scholarships:

Students can apply here For Undergrad, Grad, Postgrad, And Doctorate programs at McGill. Meanwhile, McGill scholarships offered by this reputable university are; Merit-based Scholarships, Faculty-specific Entrance Scholarships for Medicine, Dental, Oral, Music, and Law. It also has Graduate scholarships and Research scholarships programs. Winners of Undergrad scholarships will be entitled to receive a reward of up to $8,500.

Acceptable Language Tests, Except for IELTS: TOEFL or Language proficiency certificates.

Acceptance Rate: 52%
Admission Application Fee: CAD $50

11# Algoma University Scholarships:

Algoma University is known for giving generous scholarships to students enrolled in multiple fields like Business, Accounts, Finance, etc. Meanwhile, there are Entrance Scholarships, Allied Van Lines Scholarships, Athletic Scholarships, Chancellor’s Award Scholarships, Prestige, and Dean Awards.

Acceptable Language Tests, Except for IELTS: CAEL, Cambridge English, DET, IELTS, TOEFL, PTE.

Acceptance Rate: Selective (Partially)
Admission Application Fee: $70 (for non-0UAC), $125 (for internationals)

12# Okanagan College Scholarships:

If you are interested in studying here, get ready to enroll in diversified Diplomas, Degrees, and Certified programs in various fields, like Science, Business, Health, Technology, etc.

Students facing a financial crisis can receive scholarships, funds, and loans. Some of the scholarships offered by this institution are; Okanagan College President’s Entrance Scholarships, Okanagan College Community Spirit Awards, McGill Entrance Award for Business, Johnstone Memorial Award, etc.

And do not forget, the scholarship amount and other benefits like housing, stipends, and living costs will be different in every scholarship program.

Acceptable Language Tests, Except for IELTS: Duolingo, LPI, TOEFL iBT, CAEL, TOEFL (PBT), CELBAN, PTE, & TOEFL (CBT).

Acceptance Rate: Less Competitive
Admission Application Fee: CAD $30 (locals), CAD$100 (overseas)

13# Cambrian College Scholarships:

It has Full-Time, Part-Time, and Certified degree programs for Undergrad & Grad students. Enrolled students are eligible for various Entrance awards like; Electrical awards, A.C.T. – United Commercial Travelers Bursary, AECOM Civil Engineering Scholarship, etc.

The Canadian scholarships by Cambrian University value range from CAD $100.00 to CAD $500.00

Acceptable Language Tests, Except for IELTS: TOEFL, PTE, & Duolingo

Acceptance Rate: Competitive
Admission Application Fee: CAD$95

14# University of Regina Scholarships:

That school has various Undergraduate, Graduate, CCE, and ESL programs for local and international students. For bright and intelligent students, it has the University of Regina International Entrance Scholarship with a reward of $200,000 annually. However, the UR Circle of Scholars Entrance Scholarship is $5,000 worth.

Acceptable Language Tests, Except for IELTS: ELP, PTE, MELAB, TOEFL iBt, DET, & CAEL.

Acceptance Rate: 80%-90% Highly Non-Competitive
Admission Application Fee: CAD $100

15# Seneca College Scholarships:

Like the other universities of Canada, it has Honors degrees, Bachelor’s, Master’s, Certified diplomas, Credential Programs, & Diplomas. Meanwhile, candidates can apply for Diploma-to-Degree Scholarships, Renewable Degree Scholarships, Ji Hun Kim Memorial Scholarships, Seneca College Board of Governors’ Entrance Scholarships, etc.

Benefits of these scholarships include; a reward of $1,500, $2,000, $3,000, etc. Meanwhile, the scholarship duration might vary with the awarded scholarship program.

Acceptable Language Tests, Except IELTS: TOEFL iBT & Duolingo tests

Acceptance Rate: 85% approx.
Admission Application Fee: CAD$90 (non-refundable)

16# Royal Roads University Scholarships:

Time to get enrolled in its Undergrad, Grad, & General studies programs. One can pursue the following degrees in various fields. Scholarships from these universities aid the students financially and academically.

Some famous scholarships of this university are; Royal Roads University International Entrance Scholarship, Royal Roads Academic and Community Leadership Scholarship, Vainer Canada Graduate Scholarships, ICA Diversity Scholarship, etc.

The winners of this Canadian scholarship will get a reward amount from $1,000 to $50,000 per year.

Acceptable Language Tests, Except IELTS: TOEFL-iBT, PTE-A, & DET.

Acceptance Rate: 60%
Admission Application Fee: $126.00

17# York University Scholarships:

The next on our list is none other than the very famous York university of Canada, offering Undergraduate and Graduate programs. It has several scholarships and bursaries for eligible students enrolled in the above-mentioned programs and continuing studies.

Here are a few scholarships to which one can apply; Tentanda Via Award, President’s International Scholarship, YORK AUTOMATIC ENTRANCE Scholarships, etc.

By winning these scholarships, candidates will get a chance to enhance their leadership skills, earn a scholarship amount of $1,500, and take part in extracurricular activities.

Acceptable Language Tests, Except IELTS: CAEL, CAE, CPA, TOEFL, & YUELI.

Acceptance Rate: 27%
Admission Application Fee: $130

18# University of Toronto Scholarships:

Dozens of Undergraduate, Graduate and Professional degree programs are offered by Toronto university in different fields, like Arts, Law, Business, Nursing, Physiotherapy, etc. Benefits of these scholarships at the University of Toronto include; accommodation, tuition fee exemption, books cost, health insurance, etc.

The very prominent scholarships of this reputable Toronto University are; National Scholarship, Lester B. Pearson International Scholarship, Al Mercury Scholarship, etc.

Acceptable Language Tests, Except IELTS: CAEL, CAE, CPA, TOEFL, & YUELI.

Acceptance Rate: 22%
Admission Application Fee: $180

19# Queen’s University Scholarships:

Eligible students interested in studying here can get admission into their Undergraduate and Graduate programs. However, for the aid of students, it has generous and valuable scholarship programs, like; Chancellor’s Scholarship, Principal’s Scholarship, Excellence Scholarships, etc.

These amazing Canadian University scholarships will grant the reward of $9,000, $5,000, $4,000, etc.

Acceptable Language Tests, Except IELTS: CAEL, DUOLINGO, & PTE.

Acceptance Rate: 68%
Admission Application Fee: $100

20# Mount Royal University Scholarships:

Another one is Mount Real University, famous for its Bachelor’s, Diplomas, and Certified & Advanced programs. To finance the student’s education, it has many scholarships and bursaries, for instance, Ad Standards Scholarship, SARIT Scholarship Program, Part-time Awards, In-course Awards, etc.

Acceptable Language Tests, Except IELTS: TOEFL iBT, LEAP, Cambridge C1, and C2, MET, CAEL, & CanTest.

Acceptance Rate: 81% Non-selective
Admission Application Fee: $60

21# Saint Mary’s University Scholarships:

Students, either local or international, can apply for the Undergrad, Grad, and Postgrad programs offered by this university. On the other side, it accepts other language tests except for IELTS for scholarship and admission.

Scholarships offered by this university for the following degree programs are; Renewable Scholarships, Santamaria Scholarships, Sobey National Innovator Scholarships, Harrison McCain Scholarship, Academic Achievement Scholarship, Saint Mary’s University Undergraduate Scholarship, Bernard Kline Memorial Fellowship, etc.

Acceptable Language Tests, Except IELTS: TOEFL iBT, CAEL, DET, & PTE.

Acceptance Rate: 82%
Admission Application Fee: $40

22# Simon Fraser University Scholarships:

Many valuable scholarships from Simon Fraser University are there for the Undergraduate and Graduate students enrolled in this prestigious Canadian University. Scholarships for the Undergraduate degree programs are; McCall MacBain Scholarship, Open Scholarships, etc.

Meanwhile, Graduate Scholarships include; Aboriginal Community Engagement Award. To win these honorable scholarships, candidates have to abide by the mentioned eligibility criteria of each scholarship.

Acceptable Language Tests, Except IELTS: TOEFL iBT, GCSE Language B, PTE, CAEL, & DET.

Acceptance Rate: Partially Selective
Admission Application Fee: $81.00

23# Dalhousie University Scholarships:

All passionate and young students can complete their education at this renowned institution and enroll in their Undergraduate, Graduate, Agriculture, and Professional studies.

Valuable scholarships of these degree programs consist of variant rewards for a variable duration. Some most famous scholarships are; General Entrance Award, Renewable Entrance Scholarship, Aramark Leadership Award, Andrew MacKay Alumni Scholarships, etc.

Acceptable Language Tests, Except IELTS: TOEFL, MELAB, CAEL, Cambridge C1, and C2, & DET.

Acceptance Rate: 60% – 70%
Admission Application Fee: $115

24# University of Manitoba Scholarships:

That university offers scholarships to Undergraduate, Graduate, and International students. Every scholarship offers a tuition grant and other appreciable benefits to cover educational expenses.

Scholarships offered by this university are; Berdie and Irvin Cohen Scholarship, Rhodes Scholarship, International Undergraduate Student Scholarship, Vanier Canada Graduate Scholarships, etc.

Acceptable Language Tests, Except IELTS: TOEFL iBT, IAEP, & PTE.

Acceptance Rate: 52%
Admission Application Fee: $110

25# Wilfrid Laurier University Scholarships:

Such an institution has Undergraduate, Global Engagement, and Exchange Programs. While studying here, students can opt for certain scholarships; Prestigious Laurier Scholars Award, Entrance Scholarships, President’s Gold Scholarships, etc.

Acceptable Language Tests, Except IELTS: TOEFL, CAEL, CAE, DET, & PTE.

Acceptance Rate: 89%
Admission Application Fee: $120

26# Université du Québec Scholarships:

The next we have is this outclass university, offering Short programs, MBA programs, Ph.D., Bachelor’s, & Major programs. Candidates can opt for multiple partially/ fully-funded scholarships, like Mackenzie King Scholarship, AsterX Pierre-Péladeau Scholarships, Master’s Support Scholarships, Universal Doctoral Support Scholarships, etc.

Apply after reading all the eligibility criteria for the above scholarships to avoid any inconvenience in the end.

Acceptable Language Tests, Except IELTS: TOEFL, Duolingo.

Acceptance Rate: Medium Selective
Admission Application Fee: CAD 44.7

27# Ontario Tech University Scholarships:

Ontario Tech University is making waves because of its scholarships for International students, Disabled Students, and Application-based Entrance Students.

One can go for the following scholarships while getting a high education degree from here; Global Leadership Award, First Robotics Canada Scholarships, ELC Scholarship, International Leader Award, etc.

Acceptable Language Tests, Except IELTS: CAEL, TOEFL, Cambridge Tests, PTE, & MELAB.

Acceptance Rate: Less Selective
Admission Application Fee: $150.00 (secondary), $156.00 (non-secondary)

28# Thompson Rivers University Scholarships:

Thompson Rivers University is one of the top Canadian Universities without IELTS requirements for admissions. It offers many Undergraduate and Graduate programs. All deserving students can get their hands on these generous scholarships, like Athletic Sports Scholarships, Engineering Scholarships, Country-Oriented Scholarships, Academic Excellence Awards, etc.

Acceptable Language Tests, Except IELTS: CanTest, TOEFL, DET, CAEL, & MELAB.

Acceptance Rate: Less Competitive
Admission Application Fee: $100.00

29# Northern Alberta Institute of Technology Scholarships:

In this school, students can take admitted into Health & Science Programs, Information & Technology, Business Programs, etc. And also opt for various Diplomas and certificates.

Some of the notable scholarships announced by this university are; the Energy Sales Management Scholarship, Golbeck Bursary, Alberta Association of Architects – Cecil S. Burgess Scholarship, etc.

Acceptable Language Tests, Except IELTS: TOEFL iBt & DET.

Acceptance Rate: 58%
Admission Application Fee: $115

Yousaf Saeed

I'm Dr. Engr. Yousaf Saeed, founder of the AScholarship Education Portal. My academic path includes 3 prestigious international scholarships — Australia Awards, CSC, and HKPFS — for my higher studies. I am also an IChemE affiliate whereas I've also worked for companies like Aramco and BYCO oil refinery as an production engineer at the start of my career. I completed MS, and PhD with major research publications in leading SCI journals (details on my Researchgate Profile). This reflects my commitment to educating and therefore i started it for the purpose to guide aspiring international students for find scholarships for their higher education dream. As an experienced educator and mentor, I specialize in navigating the intricacies of research and patent and write useful articles on these topics too.